9th International IPM Symposium Registration Now Open


Online registration is now available for the 9th International IPM Symposium that will be held March 19-22, 2018, in Baltimore, Maryland, USA. The symposium will be held at the Renaissance Baltimore Harborplace Hotel. Register now and take advantage of the early bird price of $375. The registration fee includes admission to all symposium sessions, Wednesday poster session reception, three continental breakfasts, and refreshment breaks. The special price is good until February 19. For registration visit https://ipmsymposium.org/2018/registration.html

Program: CHANGE IN FORMAT: The Symposium opens on Monday, March 19 at 5:00 PM with a keynote presentation by Dr. Dini M. Miller, Professor, Virginia Tech University, and Urban Pest Management Specialist, State of Virginia. Dr. Miller is an internationally recognized expert in the area of urban pest management, specializing in bed bug and German cockroach biology, behavior, and control. The 2018 IPM Achievement Awards will also be presented on Monday evening.

The closing plenary session will end at 11:45 AM on Thursday, March 22.

Plan NOW to participate in these optional activities:

Monday afternoon field trips:

  • IPM in Professional Sports Facility Management
  • Urban Growth-The Green Kind
  • Urban Housing IPM

Tuesday after session (5pm): School IPM Meet and Greet (free)

Thursday afternoon: Visit Capitol Hill to Educate Your Policy Makers about IPM!

Thursday afternoon: Workshop on Evaluation of IPM Programs

Additional costs between $25-$45 apply.

Accommodations information can be found on the website: https://ipmsymposium.org/2018/accommodations.html. The room block is released February 19; don’t miss out on staying at the symposium hotel, Renaissance Baltimore Harborplace Hotel, 202 East Pratt Street, Baltimore, Maryland 21202 USA.

Exhibit space still available: Don’t miss this opportunity to promote your organization’s products, mission and services to an audience of pest management scientists, researchers, practitioners, and professionals. More information available here: https://ipmsymposium.org/2018/sponsors_exhibitors.html


Additional program Information is being added to the Web site regularly, so bookmark https://ipmsymposium.org/2018/index.html and visit often.

Please share this announcement with your colleagues.

Contact Michelle Marquart, Symposium Coordinator, at mmarqua2@illinois.edu to learn more about attending, exhibiting at or contributing to the Symposium.



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Invasive Plants in Trade Working Group works to prevent invasive ornamentals

Invasive plants impact the environment, economy and human health of citizens of the United States. While many introductions are accidental, historically a significant number of plant species were introduced as ornamentals. This pathway has led to the establishment and spread of some highly invasive species including  common and glossy buckthorns (Rhamnus cathartica and Frangula alnus), Callery pear (Pyrus calleryana), Japanese barberry (Berberis thunbergii), dame’s rocket (Hesperis matronalis), and water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes).

While the horticultural industry has recently become aware of this issue, many obstacles must be overcome to eliminate this pathway. To address this issue the Invasive Plants in Trade Working Group was formed with funding from the North Central Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Center. The overall goal of this working group is to  develop strategies for reducing the sale of invasive ornamental plants in the North Central United States.

Past efforts of the working group have focused on raising awareness among the industry and helping participants to understand various state regulations aimed at controlling the “worst of the worst” invaders. Recently the working group explored a new question of whether sterile cultivars of invasive species, which retain their ornamental appeal but are not capable of producing viable offspring, might be a viable solution to the ornamental invasive problem. A survey conducted by the working group found that over 80% of industry representatives responding would promote sterile cultivars over their seedy counterparts meaning that this could be a viable alternative for both industry and be safe for the natural environment. The working group further explored how ecologically sound this approach truly is and whether or how sales of such cultivars should be regulated.

Invasive Plants in Trade Working Group’s discussion of sterile cultivars drew upon the perspectives and experience of  a diverse group of stakeholders including plant breeders, propagators, researchers, regulators, and land managers.  As a result of their discussion, stakeholders broadly agreed that this concept holds promise, but recommended that an agreed-upon terminology needs to be used when discussing sterile cultivars, and a regional testing program should be developed to provide unbiased data on the level of sterility exhibited by cultivars growing in different environmental settings. If these recommendations are implemented, this could potentially facilitate state regulation of sterile cultivars plants that would be both protective of natural resources and encouraging of innovative plant breeding and testing.



As an evolution of the Invasive Plants in Trade Working Group and building on its work to date, a new regional effort is being planned to further address woody ornamental invasive species (trees, shrubs, and woody vines) in the Great Lakes region. This work, funded by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) through the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative, will engage many of the same working group stakeholders to develop specific resources that can benefit all participants including a clearinghouse website for information specific to woody ornamental invasives of the region, improved decision-making tools for when to remove invasive ornamentals and how to replace them, improved outreach and education materials, and continued synthesis of technical information.

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Postdoctoral Researcher in Foodborne Pathogen Bioinformatics


Department of Food Science

(http://foodscience.tennessee.edu/ )

Postdoctoral Researcher in Foodborne Pathogen Bioinformatics


Postdoctoral Research in Foodborne Pathogen Bioinformatics


Work with microbiologists to develop a pipeline for analysis of Campylobacter spp. whole genome sequencing data. This will involve

processing of raw sequencing reads, genome assembly, submission of data to public databases, variant mapping, and phylogenetic

analysis. The individual will also work with public health professionals at the Tennessee Department of Health (TDH). The role in this

joint effort will be to provide data based on outputs from the pipleline, which will inform TDH investigations of campylobacteriosis

within Tennessee. Additionally, the individual will assist with knowledge transfer by participating as part of a team in workshop and

webinar development and delivery. There will also be opportunity for interaction with the CDC and FDA.

Required Qualifications: An earned doctorate in Bioinformatics, Computational Biology, Statistics, Microbiology, Food Science, or other

relevant field. Proven excellence in verbal and written communication skills, including a strong scientific, peer-reviewed publication

record in bioinformatics, microbiology, genetic, or other relevant field. Communicate effectively with non-computational researchers

and be time-responsive.

Desired Qualifications: Experience with independent project management and with Linux command line are highly desirable.

Demonstrated basic knowledge of computer scripting languages (such as Python, Perl, Bash, R, etc).

Salary: Commensurate with training and experience.

Benefits: Benefits available include group medical insurance, dental insurance, group and individual life insurance, long-term disability

insurance, workers’ compensation, retirement plan with UT contribution, sick leave, annual leave, paid holidays and administrative

leave days, unemployment compensation, educational discounts, and use of University Services.

Application: The University of Tennessee, Institute of Agriculture is seeking candidates who have the ability to contribute in meaningful

ways to the diversity and intercultural goals of the University. Applicants should submit: 1) a letter of application, 2) a curriculum vitae

detailing education background qualifications, research and teaching experience, and publications, 3) unofficial transcripts of all college

course work, and 4) names and contact information (including e-mail addresses) of three individuals who will serve as references.

Submit all application materials using the following link:


Thomas Denes, Search Chair

The University of Tennessee

Department of Food Science

2510 River Drive

Knoxville, TN 37996-4539

Phone: 865-974-7425; Fax: 865-974-7332; E-mail: tdenes@utk.edu

Date position is available: immediately or agreeable with candidate. Candidates are required to submit to a background investigation.

All qualified applicants will receive equal consideration for employment and admissions without regard to race, color, national origin, religion, sex, pregnancy, marital status, sexual orientation,

gender identity, age, physical or mental disability, or covered veteran status. Eligibility and other terms and conditions of employment benefits at The University of Tennessee are governed by laws

and regulations of the State of Tennessee, and this non-discrimination statement is intended to be consistent with those laws and regulations. In accordance with the requirements of Title VI of

the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, The University of

Tennessee affirmatively states that it does not discriminate on the basis of race, sex, or disability in its education programs and activities, and this policy extends to employment by the University.

Inquiries and charges of violation of Title VI (race, color, national origin), Title IX (sex), Section 504 (disability), ADA (disability), Age Discrimination in Employment Act (age), sexual orientation, or

veteran status should be directed to the Office of Equity and Diversity (OED), 1840 Melrose Avenue, Knoxville, TN 37996-3560, telephone (865) 974-2498 (V/TTY available) or 974-2440. Requests

for accommodation of a disability should be directed to the ADA Coordinator at the Office of Equity and Diversity.

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Certificate course in Arbovirology, Rickettsiology and Arthropod Containment

April 16 – 25, 2018

Course Coordinator: Saravanan Thangamani

Contributing Faculty: Nikos Vasilakis, Donald Bouyer , Saravanan Thangamani


Theory Modules

Arbovirology • Rickettsiology • Arthropod Biosafety

Practicum Modules

Mock experiments with mosquito and tick-borne viruses, and tick-borne rickettsia

Vector (mosquito and tick) manipulation in containment laboratories

Vector (mosquito and tick) competency and transmission analysis


University of Texas Medical Branch (UTMB), Galveston, Texas

Additional Information

Prerequisites: BS in Biological Sciences

Selection Criteria: Letters of reference (3), individual interview, relevant experience, and letter of justification from the candidate

Submission Deadline: January 30, 2018

For More Information & Application Submission: Email  sathanga@utmb.edu

No CHARGE for the Course

Accommodation will be provided

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Great Lakes Hop Working Group provides region=specific pest management support

The Great Lakes Hop Working Group (GLHWG), funded by a grant from the North Central Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Center, formed in 2016 to provide region-specific pest management support to producers in remerging hop production areas outside of the Pacific Northwest.

According to Erin Lizotte, principal investigator for the working group, the major U.S. breeding program is located and focused on the needs of producers in the Pacific Northwest where conditions are generally hotter and drier.  The selection criteria for the breeding program leaves Midwestern and Eastern growers at a distinct disadvantage due to much higher disease pressure.  Specialists and resources to support production are also heavily vested in the Pacific Northwest, necessitating the organization and increased efforts of the state universities.

The goal of this working group is to continue to connect and expand the network of hop educators and researchers working in the Midwest and Eastern U.S. as well as Canada. These regions represent similar growing conditions that differ significantly from those in the primary production region in the Pacific Northwest. Current members include 66 representatives from twelve Universities and the Ontario Ministry of Food, Agriculture, and Rural Affairs.

Project collaborators hold monthly conference calls from spring-postharvest to share IPM-related information to provide members with the most up-to-date best management practices and conditions.  This brings to bear the expertise of the entire region to local pest related matters for producers.  Additionally, a listserv is maintained to expedite communication and information exchange within the group.

The GLHWG also convenes an annual meeting of hop professionals and stakeholders (brewers, appropriate state departments of agriculture, etc.) to support sustainable hop production in the greater Great Lakes Region. Invited attendees and members present on current knowledge as it pertains to pest management related topics including plant pathology, entomology, weed science, crop quality, soil quality, fertility, and growth management.  A regional tour of hop production takes place with growers and brewers in attendance. Attendees also review, amend, and approve the working group priorities as defined during the previous annual meeting.  At this time, workgroup members form expertise teams and appoint coordinators to continue progress in the priority areas identified.

One expertise team (led by Cornell) is working to fund a regional pest guide with region-specific best IPM practices and annually updated state-specific pesticide guides. This group has also just recently published a Hop Scouting Pocket Guide and contributed as authors and technical editor to the Hop IPM Field Guide (Third Edition).

A major benefit of the working group is the ability to develop a clear and consistent list of priorities that guide activities as members move outside the group and represent the region at annual IR-4 meetings, comment on pesticide registrations, or contribute to the development of the Strategic Pest Management Plan for hops.

“It’s exciting to see a new crop take root in our region and introduce a new generation to the challenges and rewards of farming,” said Lizotte. The Great Lakes Hop Working Group will continue to play a critical role in securing the resources the region’s growers will need to be successful.

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Apply By: Tuesday, December 5, 2017 11:59 pm EST


Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs
Agriculture Development Branch
Job Term:
1 Permanent
Job Code:
12124 – Industrial Development Officer 3
$1,396.11 – $1,781.96 Per Week*
*Indicates the salary listed as per the OPSEU Collective Agreement.

Posting Status:

Job ID:

Would you enjoy working outdoors, solving problems and building partnerships with the academic community and agricultural stakeholders?

If so, please consider this opportunity to help us create and transform new research and ideas into practical programs, products and services that will ensure Ontario’s vegetable production industry remains competitive and environmentally responsible.

What can I expect to do in this role?

• act as the lead provincial specialist on an assigned portfolio of vegetable crops including tomatoes, peppers, sugarbeet, beets, eggplant & chicory
• research leading-edge production practices from around the world and adapt the findings to Ontario industry needs
• facilitate industry change through educational and awareness building tools such as publications, media releases, social media, speaking engagements, and one-on-one meetings with vegetable producers and industry stakeholders

How do I qualify?

Mandatory requirement:

• In order to conduct site visits at rural and remote locations, you must have the ability to travel to locations not serviced by public transportation.

Industry knowledge:

• You have expert knowledge of vegetable crop production theories, principles and best practices.
• You have strong knowledge of Ontario’s agricultural industry (production systems, economics, agri-businesses).
• You have an understanding of related disciplines in the agricultural industry to enable you to review new and existing methods, techniques, programs and policies in order to investigate and identify their suitability for Ontario conditions.

Communication, consultation and consensus-building skills:

• You have written communication skills to develop professional documents, reports and educational materials using clear, concise language.
• You have consultation skills to conduct needs assessments and set priorities in the development of training and educational materials.
• You have oral communication and facilitation skills to deliver training materials.
• You have tact, diplomacy and consensus-building skills to establish and enhance partnerships, coalitions and networks with producers and industry stakeholders.

Research, analytical and problem-solving skills:

• You have research and analytical skills to assess the educational and training needs of agricultural clients.
• You have analytical and problem-solving skills to investigate industry issues and develop evidence-based options and recommendations.
• You can develop innovative strategies and solutions in response to client requirements.
• You have an understanding of program evaluation methods.

Other important items:

• You have an understanding of adult education principles and techniques to design, deliver and evaluate training materials.
• You have planning and coordination skills to effectively manage project activities and resources.
• You are proficient with a variety of computer applications (e.g. e-mail, internet, word processing, spreadsheet, statistical analysis, database, etc.).

Additional Information:

  • 1 Permanent, 120 Main St, Ridgetown, West Region
Compensation Group:
Ontario Public Service Employees Union
Posted on:
Tuesday, November 21, 2017


  • W-AF-113890/17

How to apply:

  1. You must apply online.
  2. Your cover letter and resume combined should not exceed five (5) pages. For tips and tools on how to write a concise cover letter and resume, review the Writing a Cover Letter and Resume: Tips, Tools and Resources.
  3. Customize your cover letter and resume to the qualifications listed on the job ad. Using concrete examples, you must show how you demonstrated the requirements for this job. We rely on the information you provide to us.
  4. Read the job description to make sure you understand this job.
  5. OPS employees are required to quote their WIN EMPLOYEE ID number when applying.
  6. If you require a disability related accommodation in order to participate in the recruitment process, please Contact Us to provide your contact information. Recruitment Services staff will contact you within 48 hours.
Please be advised that the results of this competition may be used to form an eligibility list of qualified candidates to potentially fill future vacancies represented by the Ontario Public Service Employees Union (OPSEU). In accordance with the Collective Agreement, eligibility lists are shared with OPSEU representatives. By applying to this competition, you are providing consent that your name may be shared with OPSEU representatives.
All external applicants (including former employees of the Ontario Public Service) applying to a competition in a ministry or Commission public body must disclose (either in the cover letter or resume) previous employment with the Ontario Public Service. Disclosure must include positions held, dates of employment and any active restrictions as applicable from being rehired by the Ontario Public Service. Active restrictions can include time and/or ministry-specific restrictions currently in force, and may preclude a former employee from being offered a position with the Ontario Public Service for a specific time period (e.g. one year), or from being offered a position with a specific ministry (either for a pre-determined time period or indefinitely). The circumstances around an employee’s exit will be considered prior to an offer of employment.

Remember: The deadline to apply is Tuesday, December 5, 2017 11:59 pm EST. Late applications will not be accepted.

We thank you for your interest. Only those selected for further screening or an interview will be contacted.

Job advertisements for positions that have been designated bilingual will be provided in both English and French on the website. Positions that are not designated bilingual are not translated and are displayed in English only on both the English and French versions of the website.

Les annonces d’emploi pour les postes désignés bilingues sont publiées en anglais et en français sur le site Web. Les annonces pour les postes qui ne sont pas désignés bilingues ne sont pas traduites et elles figurent en anglais seulement, tant dans la version française que dans la version anglaise du site.

The Ontario Public Service is an inclusive employer.
Accommodation is available under the Ontario Human Rights Code.
Note: The only website where you can apply on-line for positions with the Ontario Public Service is http://www.gojobs.gov.on.ca



Canada's Top 100 Employers 2017
Greater Toronto's Top Employers 2017
Canada's Best Diversity Employers 2017
Canada's Greenest Employers 2017
Canada's Top Employers for Young People 2017


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University of Maryland Tenure Track Faculty positions in Community Ecology

Tenure track Faculty positions in Community Ecology
Climate change, Invasive Species, Forestry or Urban Forestry

Department of Entomology

For best consideration apply by Dec 1, 2017

The University of Maryland, College Park seeks to build on its existing strengths in the ecological sciences by hiring two new tenure‐track faculty members in The Department of Entomology. The two positions will be in the area of community ecology, with particular interest in climate change, invasive species, forestry, or urban forestry. These positions are at the Assistant Professor level.

However, exceptional candidates at the Associate or Full Professor levels will be considered for the James B. and Margaret H. Gahan Endowed Professorship in Entomology.

The University of Maryland has internationally recognized strengths in population, community, and ecosystems ecology as well as basic and applied ecology, genetics, genomics, evolutionary biology, and integrated pest management. Existing campus programs in the geographical sciences,

earth and atmospheric sciences, and computational biology complement these strengths. The Department of Entomology plays a leading role in the NSF‐funded Socio‐Environmental Synthesis

Center which provides unique opportunities to engage in collaborative interdisciplinary research and training. Faculty collaborate extensively with NIH, the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the

Smithsonian and other local agencies. The University’s proximity to Washington, D.C. offers diverse opportunities for partnerships with governmental and non‐profit organizations and research groups.

Each appointee will be expected to build a nationally prominent research program as well as contribute to undergraduate and graduate teaching, and develop Extension programs. Applicants must have a Ph.D. in a relevant field and demonstrated excellence and productivity in research.

We particularly encourage applications from individuals who have a commitment to interdisciplinary research and to working with women and underrepresented minority students through teaching, mentoring, or administration.

Candidates should submit through eJobs@umd.edu as a single PDF the following materials in

this order: 1) short cover letter describing qualifications,

2) a C.V.,

3) a summary of research and teaching experience and goals, and

4) contact information for three people from whom letters of recommendation can be requested

Electronic submission of application through the University’s web page (eJobs@umd.edu)is required.

The University of Maryland, College Park, an equal opportunity/affirmative action employer.

Applications from women and minorities are particularly sought.

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East Asian Tick Located in New Jersey

New Jersey Secretary of Agriculture Douglas H. Fisher today announced the United States Department of Agriculture’s National Veterinary Services Laboratory (NVSL) in Ames, Iowa has confirmed the finding of an exotic East Asian tick, also known as the longhorned tick or bush tick, on a farm in Hunterdon County on November 9. Initial identification was made by the Monmouth County Tick-borne Diseases Lab, located at Rutgers University and the Hunterdon County Division of Health. This tick is not known to be present in the U.S., although there are records of at least a dozen previous collections of this species in the country on animals and materials presented for entry at U.S. ports.



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Great Lakes Vegetable Working Group allows educators to collaborate

At its heart, the Great Lakes Vegetable Working Group (GLVWG) is a network of educators who specialize in all aspects of vegetable production. They collaborate and share lessons from the field and lab to continually sharpen their skills to serve  vegetable growers of all scales and experience.

The GLVWG, funded by a grant from the North Central Integrated Pest Management Center (NCIPMC), began in 2004 as a network of vegetable production specialists from Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin and Ontario, Canada, united to address key pest management issues in vegetable production in the region, which is valued at over $1 billion annually.

The primary objectives of the GLVWG are focused on improved flow of information among all components of IPM, with broader understanding and engagement of both scientific and Extension communities across disciplines, crops, and states while improving efficiencies of information exchange and knowledge sharing.

Members include extension specialists and researchers from departments of entomology, nematology, horticulture, plant pathology and weed science primarily at land grant universities. Other members represent commodity groups, grower associations and industry representatives involved in vegetable production in the Great Lakes regions.

The GLVWG holds an annual meeting which allows members to network face-to-face, and present past research or demonstrations through oral presentations and posters. The annual meeting encourages multi-state collaboration and is an opportunity for members to guide the direction of the group through leadership rotation and reviewing priorities that are important to the region. Our leadership structure is organized such that a lead chair and co-chair rotate between member states annually.

The working group built a website at (https://www.ncipmc.org/glvwg/. Past projects from 2005-2012 can be found there. This includes presentation recordings and materials regarding season extension pest management, natural enemies of vegetable crops, heirloom tomato varieties, and sweet corn pests. A membership list can be found at https://www.ncipmc.org/partners/wgroup/veg.php

Like many other scientific groups, the GLVWG is taking advantage of social media with Twitter (@GLVeg). Working group organizers credit their social media presence with increasing IPM management and decision-making amongst stakeholders and networking.

A major project of the GLVWG was the development of a smart phone application entitled “Good Bugs +,” as a digital companion to the Ohio State University’s Natural Enemy Field Guide. Once it is downloaded from iTunes or the Google Play stores, it works without access to the internet.

The Great Lakes Vegetable Working Group maintains a listserv with about 160 members. Listserv participants can share problems and solutions in a timely manner, which is key in vegetable production. Members note that this can result in savings to producers by improving yield and quality.

These networking methods combine to help fill the gap when shrinking budgets result in less personnel trying to do more with less.

Previously this working group has completed projects including:

  • Creating Corn Earworm Resistance Monitoring Network
  • Vegetable IPM adoption surveys for multiple crops and states
  • Developing two cucurbit and sweet corn IPM workshops for growers
  • Creating and publishing 3,200 copies of the Sweet Corn Pest Identification and Management pocket guide
  • Conducting a five-part seasonal extension webinar series plus three high tunnel workshops
  • Creating a 25-minute Natural Enemies of Vegetable Crop Pests video
  • Developing and printed 7,975 copies of natural enemies bulletin
  • Conducting six natural enemies workshops.


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New Publication: European Corn Borer – Ecology and Management and Association with other Corn Pests

New Publication: European Corn Borer – Ecology and Management and Association with other Corn Pests

The NC-327 Multi-State Hatch Committee for the Ecology and Management of European Corn Borer and Other Lepidopteran Pests of Corn is pleased to announce the revision of their publication entitled “European Corn Borer – Ecology and Management and Association with other Corn Pests” which is scheduled to be printed by Iowa State University Extension and Outreach before the end of this calendar year.  Even though availability of transgenic corn has effectively reduced populations, entomologists recently reported that this insect is in relatively high numbers in some areas of the U. S. and Canada.  Consequently, this will be a good time to have this publication available.  The timing also coincides with 100 years after European corn borer first appeared in North America.  Twenty-four authors representing nearly all of the corn growing areas of North America contributed to this full-color publication.  The purpose of this message is to provide the web link to interested parties to give them an opportunity to review the information and indicate preorder numbers.  There is a reduced cost per copy for orders of 100 or more.  Here is the link to the description of the publication and where to find the form:  https://store.extension.iastate.edu/product/3067, then click on “online form” at the end of the message.  Completion of the form is to indicate interest for pre-order only.

Table of Contents


Identification of Common Caterpillars in Corn


Life Cycle and Generations



Weather Impacts

Pheromone Races

Pheromone Trapping

Damage to Corn by European Corn Borer

Damage to Corn by Other Lepidoptera


Transgenic Corn

Resistance Management

Refuge Types

Refuge Requirements


Management Options in Generational Regions

Scouting Techniques

Reaching an Insect Control Decision with Economic Injury Levels and Economic Thresholds

Application Equipment

Corn Maturity Differences and Timing Insecticide Treatment

Biological Control

Cultural Practices

Hybrids with Native Resistance

Environmental Conservation


Organic Field Corn



Sweet Corn (non-Bt)


Seed Corn

Other Specialty Corn


Snap Bean






Dry Beans

Other Crops


Appendix 1. The stages of corn development.

Appendix 2. Calculation form for cost-benefit analysis of European corn borer management in corn at V6 to V16.

Appendix 3. Calculation form for cost-benefit analysis of European corn borer management in corn at R1 or later.

Appendix 4. Calculation form for cost-benefit analysis for processing sweet corn at V6 to V16.



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